Eveline Trines has contributed to various VCS and one CDM methodology, e.g. CDM approved methodology AR-AMS 0003 that facilitates the restoration of mangrove forests by communities for IUCN, the Ramsar Convention and Danone; VCS approved VM0005 and VM0007; and, the modules associated with VM0007 (modules). One methodology is still under construction and will facilitate VCS approved quantification of carbon benefits from Grouped Projects that undertake IFM and/or REDD activities to ward off large scale, industrial logging and conversion to oil palm plantation.
In 2008 we started to explore the possibility to avoid forest degradation and deforestation in PNG with the local communities who own the forest land. Initially this was attempted by introducing FSC certified logging with mobile installations, instead of granting concessions to large logging and oil palm companies, but it turned out that the income generated with that activity wasn’t enough for the land owners to withstand the temptations; additional income had to be generated through PES. A combined IFM/REDD carbon methodology is being developed by Scope14+. More information
The VCS established the JNR (Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+) initiative, to nest REDD+ project level activities into broader jurisdictional programs bringing together the project level (‘on-the-ground’) and a macro level (e.g. governments establishing new policies and programs for generating forest carbon benefits across entire states, provinces and countries). It has developed an accounting and crediting framework that can be used by national and regional REDD+ programs. Eveline Trines is a member of the Non-Permanence subgroup of the initiative. More information on the JNR
The IUCN, jointly with Conservation International (CI), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and the Intergovernmental Oceanic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO initiated the Blue Carbon Initiative, which is the first integrated program focused on mitigating climate change by conserving and restoring coastal marine ecosystems globally. Eveline Trines is a member of the Blue Carbon Policy Working Group which formulated a Policy Framework. More information
Initially the VCS standard was developed for non-AFOLU (AFOLU: Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use) project activities, but that needed to be expanded. Eveline Trines drafted the initial AFOLU guidance document in 2007/2008 on the basis of the available material and developed the two tools that came with the standard (for methodological issues and to estimate the risk of non-permanence). She also contributed to the further development of the REDD section and is now a member of the Working Group on Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ on non-permanence.